• Purpose Setting

    Setting a purpose for reading means formulating and articulating the reason for reading. There are many different reasons for reading including:

    • For enjoyment
    • To perfect oral reading performance or use of a comprehension strategy
    • To increase knowledge about a topic by linking new information to that already known
    • To obtain information for an oral or written report
    • To confirm or reject predictions
    • To perform the steps in a scientific experiment or to follow a set of instructions
    • To learn about the organizational patterns and authors' techniques
    • To answer specific questions

    For maximum effectiveness, setting a single purpose for reading, especially for struggling readers, helps avoid confusion from the overload of multiple purposes. The purpose should be fairly broad in scope and sustained throughout the entire selection, not met after reading only a small portion of the materials. Purposes should be formed carefully, because poor ones can misdirect the students' attention by focusing on information that is not essential to the passage. Purposes should help readers differentiate between relevant and irrelevant information. Responsibility for setting purposes should gradually shift from the teacher to the students. (Ohio Resource Center, http://ohiorc.org/adlit/strategy/)

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